14th ASIAN APICULTURAL ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE
October 22 – 25, 2018
"Bees, Environment and Sustainability"
Asian Apicultural Association (AAA) has been hosting the Conference on Bees and Beekeeping in Asian countries since 1992, once in every two years. Each conference provided a forum for the people who are interested in bee science and beekeeping to share and exchange the latest technology on various aspects related to the bees and beekeeping.
As a two-yearly event, the year of 2018 will be the 14th of AAA conference. Based on the meeting on the 13th AAA Conference in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the committee decided to elect INDONESIA as the host country of the 14th Asian Apicultural Association (AAA) and will be held on October 22 – 25, 2018 in Jakarta at Merlynn Park Hotel (we moved from Makassar, due to technical aspects).
This conference is organized under AAA and sub-organized by Indonesian Apicultural Association (Asosiasi Perlebahan Indonesia), supported by Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan) of Republic of Indonesia.
Previous countries host of AAA Conference were: 1st Bangkok, Thailand 1992, 2nd Yogyakarta, Indonesia 1994, 3rd Hanoi, Vietnam 1996, 4th Kathmandu, Nepal 1998, 5th Chiang Mai, Thailand 2000, 6th Bangalore, India 2002, 7th Los Banos, Philippines 2004, 8th Perth, Australia 2006, 9th Beijing, China, 2008, 10th Busan, Korea, 2010, 11th Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia, 2012, 12th Antalya, Turkey 2014, 13th Jeddah, Saudi Arabia 2016.
The theme of the 14th AAA Conference is “Bees, environment and Sustainability”. We consider this theme is crucially important since beekeeping has been challenged with environment and sustainability issues, addressing the bee population and impact to the environment.
We hope a board spectrum of the participants will attend this highly valuable conference; such as scientists, beekeepers, food and herb processors, marketers, beekeeping industry operators, hobbies, NGOs, Government Agencies, and students. The participated countries are mainly from Asia, Australia, and interested country from Europe, America, and Africa.
The agendas of 14th AAA Conference are: (1) Opening Ceremony, (2) Public Lecture, (3) Gala Dinner with cultural performance, (4) Keynote Speech, (5) Scientific Oral Presentation, (6) Scientific Poster Presentation, (7) Exhibition, (8) Technical Visit, (9) Competition, (10) AAA Board Meeting, (11) Closing Ceremony, and (12) Side Events. It is also provide post conferences and road to AAA activities for interested participants (with special request).
Jakarta is the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia. As the capital city, Jakarta is a melting pot of various ethnic groups’ representatives, such as Javanese, Sundanese, Bugis, Minang, Chinese, Arab and many more. Jakarta has an estimated population of 10,075,310 (2014) with population density 4,383.53 / km2. It is center for Indonesia’s economics, culture and politics. Known as the twelfth largest city in the world, Jakarta metropolitan area is also known as Jabodetabek. This area is the sixth-largest in the world. Jakarta was formerly known as Sunda Kelapa (397-1527), Jayakarta (1527-1619), Batavia (1619-1942), and Djakarta (1942-1972).
Jakarta is subject to a tropical climate with air temperatures ranging between minimum of 25°C to maximum of 35°C and air humidity varies between 75 and 85 percent.
Nowadays, Jakarta is the country’s administrative, commercial, industrial, and transportation center and is known to have the largest and the most comprehensive communication networks in Southeast Asia. Jakarta also possess special territory status having the privilege like a province, consisting of Greater Jakarta, covering of 637.44 square km area. This capital city is grouped into five city administrative areas and one district administrative areas
As a big city, Jakarta has numerous luxury shopping malls which have become the city’s most popular hang-out spots. Asides from the shopping malls, Jakarta also offers various kinds of interesting destinations:
• Historical Monuments & Buildings. Eg: National Monument (Monas), Old Town (Kota Tua)
• Entertainment parks & resorts. Eg: Ancol, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII)
• Eg: Taman Menteng, Taman Suropati & Ragunan Zoo
• Eg: Museum Nasional, Museum Bahari, Museum, Fatahillah
For more information visit www.jakarta.go.id
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago with over 17,500 islands. The country consists of five major islands and about 30 smaller groups which are located across the equator. This largest archipelago is on a crossroads between two oceans, the Pacific and the Indian Ocean, and bridges two continents, Asia and Australia which is extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west. The territory of the Republic of Indonesia stretches from 6°08′ N latitude to 11°15′ S latitude and from 94°45′ E to 141°05′ E longitude. Total Area of Indonesia is 1,919,440 sq km (Land Area: 1,826,440 sq km; Water Area: 93,000 sq km). Indonesia is a tropical island which has coconut trees, white sand beaches, marine parks, volcanoes, and great adventure from jungles, volcanoes and also sandy beaches. The country is also well-known for its vast mineral, oil, and gas resources, and world famous coffee and tea.
Indonesia is divided into three Standard Time Zones. The first cluster is Sumatra, Java and West & Central Kalimantan which are 7 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+7). The second one is Bali, Nusa Tenggara, South & East Kaliantan and Sulawesi which are 8 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+8). The last one is Irian Jaya and Maluku which are 9 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+9). Indonesia is not only the world’s largest archipelago, but also the world’s fourth most populace country. Its wide diversity is reflected by a total population of around 250 million people from more than 200 ethnic groups speaking more than 300 different languages. The official language in Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia. In this country, there are five official religions which are Muslims (more than 80%), Christians, Catholics, Hindus, and Buddhists. The official language in Indonesia is Bahasa Indonesia.
Economy of Indonesia is mainly based on agriculture and oil. Approximately 90% of the population is engaged in agriculture. As a country which is located in tropical area, Indonesia has extensive natural resources, including crude oil, natural gas, tin, copper, and gold. This country is also famous for the handicraft products. Common handicraft practices here are: woodcarvings for ornamentation and furniture, silverwork and engraving from Yogyakarta and Sumatra; filigree from South Sulawesi and Bali with different styles of clay, sandstone and wood sculptures. Batik fashion which is famous in the world is originated from Indonesia. Several popular Batik centers in Indonesia are located in Jogjakarta, Surakarta, Pekalongan and Cirebon.
In the past few years, the Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibition (M.I.C.E) industry in Indonesia has grown significantly. With the fact that Indonesia is the largest and most populous country in Southeast Asia and the dynamic economic development in the country, it is becoming a very attractive market to the international world. With the constant growth, Indonesia is rapidly rising into Southeast Asia’s largest economy.
The paradise of the bee biodiversity species in Indonesia was established by the geological formation with the two Continental Shelfs of (1) Sunda refers to Asia Mainland or Eurasian Plate and (2) Sahul refers to the Indo-Australian Plate. Its richness species categorized in the six native honey bee species, two introduced honey bee species, and more than 20 stingless bee species. The native honey bee species consists of Apis dorsata (A. dorsata dorsata and A. dorsata binghami), Apis cerana, Apis nigrocincta, Apis nuluensis, Apis koschevnikovi, and Apis andreniformis. The introduced honey bee species consists of Apis mellifera and Apis florea. Some of the stingless bee species is proposed as the honey and propolis production such as Tetragonula laeviceps, Tetragonula iridipennis, Tetragonula biroi, Geniotrigona thoracica, Heterotrigona itama, Lepidotrigona terminata, Geniotrigona incisa. Lophotrigona canifrons.
The distribution of the honey bee:
Java : Apis dorsata dorsata, Apis cerana, (and Apis mellifera)
Sumatera : Apis dorsata dorsata, Apis cerana, Apis andreniformis, (and Apis florea )
Kalimantan : Apis dorsata dorsata, Apis cerana, Apis andreniformis, Apis koschevnikovi, Apis nuluensis (and Apis florea)
Bali and Nusatenggara : Apis dorsata dorsata, Apis cerana
Sulawesi : Apis dorsata binghami, Apis nigrocincta (and Apis cerana)
Maluku : Apis dorsata dorsata, (and Apis cerana)
Papua : (Apis mellifera and Apis cerana)
Apis cerana has been inhabited in Sulawesi, Maluku, Papua or in Papua New Guinea, Solomon, and Australia. It is become wide concern and challenging to work for it as well as the issue of Varroa mite that was suspected in the species of Varroa jacobsoni, but later it has been recocnized as Varroa destructor.
Introduced Apis mellifera since in the decade of 1960’s has been assumable with the number of 50.000 colonies today with about 1000 beekeepers and the productivity of 20 kg/colony/year. Its challenges are in pollen source quality of beeforage, productive queen bee, value added of the bee product development, beekeeping technology and equipment, pest control material.
Apis cerana is assumable with 100.000 colonies (and with other feral colonies) and the productivity of 10 kg/coloniny/year.
Apis dorsata is the main contributor of honey producer (ca. 80%) in Indonesia, with challenging management. Tetragonula biroi is the main challenging stingless bees with the honey production is about 10 Kg/colony year and propolis as well of 10 kg/clony/year.
Total honey production is about 1000 ton/year.
The Indonesian Apicultural Association (IAA) has been established since 1992 with the head office in Jakarta. The main concern of IAA today is to increase the honey bee colonies number and the productivity, to conserve the native bee species, to intensify the beeforages, to escalate beekeeping industry.